There may come a time when your computer won’t boot up at all or does boot but then doesn’t do much else afterward except sit there with the hourglass going. If that is the case you may want to try booting into Safe Mode. Safe Mode starts the computer with the minimum amount of services and drivers necessary to get it started. This is a good way to get the computer running so you can try and figure out why it won’t boot up in normal mode. To boot your computer into safe mode do the following. When you turn the computer on start tapping F8 on the keyboard maybe once per second until you see the screen shown below.
As you can see there are several options to choose from.
The first option is your standard Safe mode. You will notice that things like your printer and internet connection will not work when you pick this mode.
The second option is Safe Mode with Networking. With this option, you will get the same results as standard Safe Mode but you will have access to your network and also the internet if you use a broadband connection (DSL/Cable).
The third option is Safe Mode with Command Prompt. This option loads a command prompt instead of the usual Windows interface if you need to use DOS based commands to fix your problem.
Next, we have Enable Boot Logging. This option turns on logging when the computer is started in Safe Mode.
Enable VGA Mode will start the computer using the video driver used with your video card in 640 x 480 mode rather than the standard Windows VGA.sys driver.
Last Known Good Configuration will start the computer with the last configuration that worked properly.
Directory Services Restore Mode is only used for domain controllers and performs a directory service repair.
Debugging Mode turns on the debugger for sending information to another computer that is running a debugger.
Finally, we have Boot Normally which does exactly what it says, boots the computer as normal.
You will notice that when you are in Safe Mode you will have a low video resolution and it will also say Safe Mode in the corners of the screen. Sometimes you can fix a non-starting computer simply by booting into safe mode then rebooting into normal mode.